Journal of Global Change Data & Discovery2019.3(2):200-202

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Citation:Zhang, Y. H., Liu, C., Shi, R. X.Orkney Islands, United Kingdom[J]. Journal of Global Change Data & Discovery,2019.3(2):200-202 .DOI: 10.3974/geodp.2019.02.12 .

Global Change Data Encyclopedia

Orkney Islands, United Kingdom

Zhang, Y. H.  Liu, C.*  Shi, R. X.

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Keywords: Orkney Islands; Atlantic Ocean; Scotland; mainland; data encyclopedia

 

Figure 1  Map of Orkney Islands dataset (.kmz format)

 

The Orkney Islands is located in Scotland, northeastern the United Kingdom, lying about 32 km north of the Scottish mainland[1], between Northern Atlantic Ocean and North Sea, the Great British and Shetland Islands[2]. Its geo-location is 58°43′46″N59°23′59″N, 3°26′12″W 2°22′11″W[3] (Figures 12).

 

Figure 2  Map of Orkney Islands dataset (.shp format)

There are 104 islands and islets with area bigger than 70 m2 in Orkney Islands including small islands, isles and independent rocks[3]. The largest one of the islands is Mainland. The small isla­nds of  Lamb Holm (58°53′16″N, 2°53′36″W), Glims Holm (58°52′32″N, 2°55′4″W), Burray (58°51′12″N, 2°54′ 27″W) and South Ronaldsay (58°47′45″ N, 2°57′13″ W), to the south of the Mainland, are now joined successively to it by constructed causeways. Its area is 581.85 km2 and its coastline length is 368.51 km. The second largest island of the Orkney Islands, Hoy, lies southwest of the Mainland, along with smaller islands such as Graemsay, Cava, Fara, Calf of Flotta, Switha and Flotta. To the north of Mainland lie Shapinsay, Rousay, Egilsay, Stronsay, Eday, Westray, Papa Westray, Sanday, North Ronaldsay, Gairsay, Wyre, Westray, and several smaller islands. The total area of the British Isles is 1,037.24 km2 and the total coastline length of it is 1,076.4 km (Table 1).

 

Table 1  Geo-location, area and coastline of main islands of the Orkney Islands

Name of island

Geo-location

Center of island

Area

(km2)

Coastline (km)

Mainland Island

58°43′46″N–59°9′16″N, 3°22′5″W–2°42′10″W

58°59′28″N, 3°5′38″W

581.85

368.51

Hoy

58°46′17″N–58°55′57″N, 3°26′12″W–3°7′47″W

58°51′5″N, 3°17′39″W

146.38

95.42

Sanday

59°11′2″N–59°18′48″N, 2°42′6″W–2°23′22″W

59°15′28″N, 2°33′56″W

52.40

106.90

Westray

59°13′39″N–59°21′37″N, 3°4′24″W–2°50′11″W

59°17′46″N, 2°57′38″W

49.15

79.36

Rousay

59°7′35″N–59°12′1″N, 3°7′14″W–2°57′8″W

59°9′38″N, 3°2′13″W

48.07

36.34

Stronsay

59°4′11″N–59°9′45″N, 2°41′27″W–2°31′34″W

59°6′30″N, 2°36′32″W

37.29

65.84

Eday

59°8′16″N–59°15′4″N, 2°49′42″W–2°44′0″W

59°11′20″N, 2°46′30″W

28.91

40.79

Shapinsay

59°1′1″N–59°5′16″N, 2°56′7″W–2°47′53″W

59°2′56″N, 2°51′34″W

28.75

40.37

Flotta

58°48′46″N–58°50′59″N, 3°8′55″W–3°3′50″W

58°49′46″N, 3°6′36″W

10.10

22.85

Papa Westray

59°19′23″N–59°23′11″N, 2°54′41″W–2°52′4″W

59°21′13″N, 2°53′27″W

8.95

19.24

North Ronaldsay

59°20′50″N–59°23′34″N, 2°27′4″W–2°22′11″W

59°22′16″N, 2°25′4″W

8.10

20.45

Egilsay

59°7′26″N–59°10′13″N, 2°56′43″W–2°54′25″W

59°9′5″N, 2°55′35″W

6.35

14.07

Graemsay

58°55′11″N–58°56′28″N, 3°18′54″W–3°15′55″W

58°55′47″N, 3°17′26″W

4.16

9.40

Wyre

59°6′37″N–59°7′40″N, 3°0′48″W–2°57′4″W

59°7′6″N, 2°58′25″W

3.22

9.67

Fara

58°49′58″N–58°51′26″N, 3°10′55″W–3°8′57″W

58°50′37″N, 3°9′58″W

3.06

7.94

Gairsay

59°4′18″N–59°5′31″N, 2°59′37″W–2°56′45″W

59°4′56″N, 2°58′18″W

3.01

10.42

Calf of Eday

59°13′42″N–59°14′53″N, 2°44′52″W–2°43′1″W

59°14′13″N, 2°44′4″W

2.21

7.05

Faray

59°12′6″N–59°13′39″N, 2°49′53″W–2°48′52″W

59°12′52″N, 2°49′26″W

1.58

7.29

Swona

58°44′4″N–58°45′9″N, 3°4′26″W–3°2′59″W

58°44′33″N, 3°3′32″W

1.14

6.09

Auskerry

59°1′29″N–59°2′21″N, 2°34′41″W–2°33′25″W

59°1′54″N, 2°34′11″W

1.07

5.19

Cava

58°52′18″N–58°53′16″N, 3°10′46″W–3°9′23″W

58°52′42″N, 3°10′6″W

0.99

4.95

Papa Stronsay

59°8′47″N–59°9′27″N, 2°36′12″W–2°34′31″W

59°9′6″N, 2°35′12″W

0.94

6.10

Eynhallow

59°8′21″N–59°8′55″N, 3°7′46″W–3°6′35″W

59°8′39″N, 3°7′13″W

0.82

3.81

Switha

58°47′42″N–58°48′15″N, 3°6′48″W–3°5′34″W

58°47′59″N, 3°6′11″W

0.55

3.54

Helliar Holm

59°1′6″N–59°1′42″N, 2°54′28″W–2°53′46″W

59°1′24″N, 2°54′4″W

0.47

3.19

Holm of Faray

59°13′45″N–59°14′32″N, 2°50′10″W–2°49′33″W

59°14′5″N, 2°49′50″W

0.44

4.03

Muckle Green Holm

59°7′25″N–59°7′60″N, 2°50′2″W–2°49′28″W

59°7′43″N, 2°49′44″W

0.44

2.74

Holm of Huip

59°9′40″N–59°10′16″N, 2°39′23″W–2°38′45″W

59°9′57″N, 2°39′2″W

0.36

2.65

Holm of Papa

59°20′43″N–59°21′19″N, 2°52′31″W–2°51′47″W

59°21′4″N, 2°52′7″W

0.33

3.03

Damsay

59°0′17″N–59°0′41″N, 3°4′9″W–3°3′28″W

59°0′29″N, 3°3′49″W

0.31

2.38

Holm of Scockness

59°9′45″N–59°10′10″N, 2°57′21″W–2°56′45″W

59°9′58″N, 2°57′4″W

0.28

2.16

Brough of

Birsay

59°8′2″N–59°8′18″N, 3°20′28″W–3°19′41″W

59°8′11″N, 3°20′6″W

0.26

2.05

Sweyn Holm

59°5′12″N–59°5′33″N, 2°57′29″W–2°56′48″W

59°5′22″N, 2°57′6″W

0.26

2.17

Calf of Flotta

58°51′6″N–58°51′19″N, 3°4′54″W–3°3′55″W

58°51′12″N, 3°4′25″W

0.23

2.18

Inner Holm

58°57′17″N–58°57′37″N, 3°17′30″W–3°17′10″W

58°57′26″N, 3°17′20″W

0.10

2.05

Midgarth

59°9′21″N–59°9′35″N, 2°41′27″W–2°41′6″W

59°9′27″N, 2°41′18″W

0.08

1.28

 

The dataset was developed based on the Google Earth and related maps and references[1–3]. The dataset is consisted of 15 data files and archived in the .kmz and .shp[4] data formats with the data size of 6.29 MB (Compressed to 2.72 MB in two files).

References

[1]     World Map Atlas: United Kingdom Atlas [M]. Beijing: Sino Maps Press, 2007.

[2]     Orkney Islands [OL]. Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 20 Feb., 2019. https://www. britannica. com/place/Orkney-Islands.

[3]     Liu, C., Shi, R. X. Orkney Islands [DB/OL]. Global Change Research Data Publishing & Repository, 2017. DOI: 10.3974/geodb.2017.01.11.V1.

Data Computing Environment

[4]     ESRI. ArcGIS campus license of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,

Chinese Academy of Sciences.

URL for Data Downloading

http://www.geodoi.ac.cn/WebEn/doi.aspx?Id=649.

Or search through: http://www.geodoi.ac.cn.

 

Co-Sponsors

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Geographical Society of China

Parteners

Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) Task Group on Preservation of and Access to Scientific and Technical Data in/for/with Developing Countries (PASTD)

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Digital Linchao GeoMuseum