Journal of Global Change Data & Discovery2019.3(1):84-86

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Citation:Liu, C., Zhang, Y. H., Shen, Y., et al.British Isles[J]. Journal of Global Change Data & Discovery,2019.3(1):84-86 .DOI: 10.3974/geodp.2019.01.12 .

Global Change Data Encyclopedia

Greenland, Kingdom of Denmark

Liu, C.1*  Zhang, Y. H.1  Shen, Y.1  Chen, L. J.2

1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;

2. National Geomatics Center of China, Beijing 100830, China

Keywords: Greenland; Kingdom of Denmark; islands; Nansen; data encyclopedia

 

Figure 1  Map of Greenland in .kmz data format (Google Earth image)

The Greenland of Kingdom of Denmark[1] is geo-located at 59°44¢42²N83°39¢46²N, 73°15¢13²W11°20¢11²W. It is in the northeast of North America, between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. The Greenland is the world’s largest island, and three-quarters of Greenland is covered by the ice-snow (Figure 1).

The main island is the Greenland, its area is 2,112,448.97 km2 and its coastline is 49,200.82 km[2]. Besides the mainland of Greeland, there are 27,388 small islands, isles and independent rocks of Greeland with area bigger than 24 m2. The main islands include the following islands (Table 1): DiskoIsland, Arve-prinsensEjland, UbekendtEjland, Itilleq, IleDeFrance, Nunarssit, Tingmiarmit, Ikeq, Agpat, Qutdlikorssuit/Qu llikorsuit Island, Kekertarmiut, Karasuk, Ikamiuk, Sermitsiak, Iluiteq, Maniitsoq, Kangeq, Uvtorsiutit, Simiutak, Kulusuk, Aluk-tunordleq, SanerataTime, Kitak, Kigataq, Savissivik, DiskofjordQeqertaq, Milait, Sujunikajik, Aumat, Nanortalik, Kullorsuaq, Tukingassoq, Aasiaat, Uummannaq, Agto, Maligissat, Timerdlit, Angissorssuaq, Kitsigsut, Qeqertarssuaq, Ikermiut, Kangilineq, Qeqertaq, Avigait, Aliuarssik, Jakobsholm, Umanat, Umanak, Takissog, Sagdliaruseq, Valkyrierne, Tugtulik, Tikivigpik, Qassimiut, Koklapperne, Ritenbenk, Grundene, Ungorsivik, Hans Island, VesterEjland, Isortoq, Conical Rock, Napasoq, Dunholm, Ingsugtusok, and Arfit[3].

The total area of the Greenland, including small islands, isles and independent rocks around is 2,162,184.19 km2, and the coastline length is 92,990.05 km[2].

Table 1  Geolocation, area and coastline of main islands of Greenland

Name of island

Geolocation

Center of the island

Area

(km2)

Coastline

(km)

Greenland

59°58¢25²N83°39¢46²N,
73
°1¢34²W11°20¢11²W

74°46¢39²N,

41°20¢1²W

2,112,448.97

49,200.82

Disko Island

69°13¢50²N–70°19¢49²N,

54°58¢49²W–51°50¢56²W

69°46¢56²N,

53°32¢45²W

8,554.06

704.86

Arve–prinsens Ejland

69°30¢24²N–69°55¢46²N,

51°23¢23″W–50°40¢52²W

69°44¢24″N,

51°4¢58″W

628.90

210.59

Ubekendt Ejland

71°1¢38″N–71°18¢57″N,

54°0¢27″W–53°24¢5″W

71°8¢54″N,

53°41¢8″W

417.52

83.36

Itilleq

59°46¢24″N–59°58¢30″N,

44°8¢5″W–43°38¢41″W

59°52¢25″N,

43°54¢56″W

309.53

178.17

Qeqertaq Island

72°8¢58″N–72°23¢27″N,

55°41¢17″W–54°58¢18″W

72°15¢49″N,

55°19¢46″W

255.54

127.86

Ile De France

77°35′53″N–77°51¢40″N,

18°8¢36″W–17°27¢4″W

77°43¢11″N,

17°45¢44″W

255.13

78.80

Nunarssit

60°41¢49″N–60°49¢46″N,

48°15¢5″W–47°39¢50″W

60°45¢35″N,

47°57¢32″W

244.68

299.93

Tingmiarmit

62°39¢48″N–62°48¢15″N,

42°27¢1″W–41°51¢5″W

62°44¢8″N,

42°12¢59″W

229.24

185.10

Ikeq

59°51′25″N–60°0′57″N,

44°24′2″W–44°0′2″W

59°56′30″N,

44°11′50″W

195.21

101.00

Agpat

70°50′23″N–70°59′0″N,

52°11′0″W–51°34′8″W

70°54′28″N,

51°55′8″W

182.44

72.21

Qullikorsuit Island

73°46′54″N–73°55′33″N,

56°44′15″W–55°55′13″W

73°51′16″N,

56°20′13″W

177.35

111.13

Kekertarmiut

65°31′13″N–65°38′56″N,

53°14′39″W–52°49′28″W

65°35′26″N,

53°1′48″W

172.61

91.14

Karasuk

64°21′26″N–64°33′26″N,

51°31′17″W–51°5′46″W

64°27′2″N,

51°17′22″W

168.33

89.58

Kiatassuaq Island

74°28′11″N–74°33′33″N,

57°30′53″W–56°23′41″W

74°30′25″N,

56°54′26″W

160.50

105.81

Qaarsorsuaq Island

72°38′54″N–72°46′58″N,

56°11′4″W–55°38′46″W

72°42′59″N,

55°54′25″W

132.75

90.99

Ikamiuk

68°33′36″N–68°39′12″N,

52°26′50″W–51°49′18″W

68°36′21″N,

52°9′7″W

124.32

159.51

Tuttorqortooq Island

73°36′44″N–73°42′29″N,

56°56′51″W–56°18′20″W

73°39′28″N,

56°37′24″W

91.00

85.48

Sermitsiak

64°14′18″N–64°21′6″N,

51°37′4″W–51°18′46″W

64°17′33″N,

51°27′24″W

82.17

58.45

Anarusuk Island

73°22′43″N–73°31′31″N,

55°53′48″W–55°26′57″W

73°27′28″N,

55°39′3″W

72.37

106.46

Iluiteq

60°50′34″N–60°54′11″N,

42°58′47″W–42°37′48″W

60°52′29″N,

42°47′59″W

70.42

58.56

Maniitsoq

65°24′7″N–65°31′13″N,

53°5′5″W–52°52′4″W

65°27′59″N,

52°57′30″W

68.23

118.78

Puugutaa Island

72°57′7″N–73°2′41″N,

55°39′49″W–55°19′16″W

72°59′50″N,

55°29′1″W

68.03

47.26

Tasiusaq Island

73°17′24″N–73°24′44″N,

56°8′20″W–55°48′34″W

73°20′55″N,

55°57′54″W

66.77

90.11

Kangeq

67°39′8″N–67°46′47″N,

53°47′44″W–53°34′36″W

67°43′4″N,

53°41′19″W

66.05

92.62

Akuliaruseq Island

72°31′18″N–72°35′47″N,

55°22′54″W–54°59′32″W

72°33′24″N,

55°9′25″W

65.71

43.95

Uvtorsiutit

62°27′58″N–62°34′23″N,

42°20′3″W–42°7′29″W

62°31′15″N,

42°13′10″W

65.57

105.75

Maniitsoq Island

72°55′17″N–73°1′18″N,

55°20′17″W–55°2′18″W

72°57′59″N,

55°12′5″W

63.26

52.83

Qallunaat Island

73°32′28″N–73°39′44″N,

56°32′2″W–56°9′49″W

73°35′37″N,

56°21′27″W

60.80

85.39

Uilortussoq Island

72°44′53″N–72°49′13″N,

54°54′49″W–54°28′38″W

72°46′59″N,

54°41′41″W

60.45

88.91

Sanningassoq Island

72°41′7″N–72°46′22″N,

55°3′9″W–54°46′20″W

72°43′34″N,

54°54′23″W

55.48

39.61

Simiutak

66°1′20″N–66°5′24″N,

53°40′47″W–53°24′10″W

66°3′46″N,

53°33′19″W

54.28

68.58

Amarortalik Island

72°30′40″N–72°36′23″N,

54°59′25″W–54°46′1″W

72°33′16″N,

54°52′38″W

53.18

34.44

Aappilattoq Island

72°48′43″N–72°53′38″N,

55°36′6″W–55°19′33″W

72°51′13″N,

55°27′51″W

41.43

56.40

Kulusuk

65°31′5″N–65°35′9″N,

37°13′34″W–37°1′17″W

65°33′11″N,

37°7′47″W

39.61

58.23

Aappilattoq Island

73°24′50″N–73°28′46″N,

56°3′32″W–55°44′25″W

73°27′7″N,

55°53′6″W

38.89

38.81

Aluk-tunordleq

60°8′6″N–60°12′29″N,

43°13′14″W–43°2′3″W

60°10′12″N,

43°8′22″W

37.47

70.35

Sanerata Time

63°27′15″N–63°31′11″N,

51°22′13″W–51°10′44″W

63°29′15″N,

51°17′2″W

35.87

66.20

Saqqarlersuaq Island

74°32′50″N–74°36′51″N,

57°5′6″W–56°49′2″W

74°34′45″N,

56°56′28″W

35.61

31.12

Kitak

65°29′50″N–65°35′3″N,

38°53′6″W–38°41′4″W

65°32′21″N,

38°46′19″W

35.54

71.57

Kigataq

72°4′9″N–72°8′10″N,

55°56′50″W–55°42′19″W

72°5′52″N,

55°49′8″W

34.69

25.57

Savissivik

76°0′21″N–76°4′53″N,

65°10′43″W–64°52′53″W

76°2′33″N,

65°1′41″W

32.58

27.53

Diskofjord Qeqertaq

69°29′26″N–69°32′16″N,

54°20′37″W–54°4′48″W

69°30′48″N,

54°12′11″W

32.21

24.99

Qeqertarsuatsiaat

62°59′51″N–63°5′27″N,

50°45′24″W–50°37′51″W

63°2′59″N,

50°41′31″W

30.69

74.11

Innaarsuit Island

73°7′47″N–73°12′27″N,

56°5′41″W–55°52′31″W

73°10′6″N,

55°59′2″W

26.20

58.31

Milait

67°8′33″N–67°13′6″N,

33°32′18″W–33°22′27″W

67°11′2″N,

33°28′0″W

26.17

30.51

Kiataussaq Island

74°42′6″N–74°44′58″N,

57°42′42″W–57°25′1″W

74°43′25″N,

57°32′43″W

24.98

33.27

Sujunikajik

65°27′20″N–65°31′15″N,

39°18′43″W–39°9′42″W

65°29′31″N,

39°14′5″W

24.70

41.46

Aumat

68°30′1″N–68°34′9″N,

53°7′55″W–52°55′21″W

68°32′50″N,

52°58′30″W

21.12

40.95

Atilissuaq Island

72°46′14″N–72°49′28″N,

55°58′51″W–55°47′3″W

72°47′56″N,

55°53′5″W

21.07

32.05

Nanortalik

60°7′5″N–60°11′6″N,

45°19′14″W–45°13′10″W

60°9′1″N,

45°16′40″W

20.05

35.44

Iperaq Island

72°29′1″N–72°32′17″N,

55°47′8″W–55°36′6″W

72°30′44″N,

55°41′5″W

19.04

25.13

Illunnguit Island

73°16′39″N–73°19′30″N,

56°24′48″W–56°14′11″W

73°18′3″N,

56°19′33″W

18.48

19.77

Apparsuit Island

73°46′53″N–73°49′37″N,

56°50′5″W–56°37′26″W

73°48′2″N,

56°43′52″W

18.10

19.33

Kullorsuaq Island

74°34′35″N–74°37′51″N,

57°14′38″W–57°2′25″W

74°36′18″N,

57°7′54″W

17.70

23.93

Akia Island

72°44′4″N–72°47′13″N,

56°13′3″W–56°2′18″W

72°45′32″N,

56°6′50″W

16.25

26.86

Tukingassoq Island

72°7′40″N–72°11′54″N,

56°2′29″W–55°46′52″W

72°9′48″N,

55°53′48″W

14.71

29.80

Karrat Island

72°49′17″N–72°51′54″N,

56°10′45″W–56°0′22″W

72°50′42″N,

56°5′32″W

14.64

28.41

Aasiaat

68°41′12″N–68°43′39″N,

52°53′44″W–52°42′51″W

68°42′29″N,

52°48′32″W

14.25

34.40

Uummannaq

70°40′18″N–70°44′4″N,

52°11′28″W–52°5′51″W

70°42′15″N,

52°8′17″W

14.03

17.89

Mattaangassut Island

73°32′11″N–73°34′32″N,

56°51′35″W–56°37′23″W

73°33′19″N,

56°44′16″W

13.94

39.59

Amitsorsuaq Island

73°54′42″N–73°57′43″N,

56°10′57″W–55°56′17″W

73°56′17″N,

56°4′32″W

13.67

26.41

Qasse Island

72°53′26″N–72°55′44″N,

56°4′49″W–55°53′26″W

72°54′38″N,

55°59′23″W

13.25

29.14

Agto

67°55′4″N–67°57′18″N,

53°37′57″W–53°30′53″W

67°56′8″N,

53°34′36″W

12.32

24.17

Maligissat

62°14′48″N–62°17′25″N,

42°9′2″W–42°2′59″W

62°16′13″N,

42°6′12″W

11.72

33.87

Taartoq Island

72°55′48″N–72°57′23″N,

56°2′52″W–55°50′51″W

72°56′33″N,

55°56′47″W

11.14

27.63

Uigorlersuaq Island

73°23′49″N–73°25′47″N,

56°16′21″W–56°7′54″W

73°24′44″N,

56°11′55″W

10.99

14.34

Timerdlit

65°49′13″N–65°52′21″N,

53°21′21″W–53°17′5″W

65°50′32″N,

53°19′5″W

10.74

18.67

Qaneq Island

73°1′30″N–73°4′11″N,

55°59′52″W–55°47′46″W

73°2′4″N,

55°56′50″W

10.69

30.61

Angissorssuaq

63°54′43″N–63°58′42″N,

51°46′15″W–51°43′11″W

63°56′43″N,

51°44′35″W

10.23

31.46

Kitsigsut

59°57′54″N–59°59′58″N,

45°12′36″W–45°8′37″W

59°59′4″N,

45°10′56″W

7.61

24.54

Qeqertarssuaq

63°32′13″N–63°34′4″N,

40°43′16″W–40°38′54″W

63°33′14″N,

40°40′54″W

7.60

13.76

Itissaalik Island

74°3′16″N–74°5′44″N,

56°46′51″W–56°40′17″W

74°3′46″N,

56°45′13″W

7.30

21.70

Ikermiut

62°17′30″N–62°19′58″N,

49°59′45″W–49°57′0″W

62°18′39″N,

49°58′25″W

7.11

13.90

Kangilineq

61°56′42″N–61°57′45″N,

49°34′8″W–49°26′52″W

61°57′14″N,

49°30′13″W

6.83

19.92

Qeqertaq

69°59′42″N–70°2′30″N,

51°19′6″W–51°13′18″W

70°1′25″N,

51°15′49″W

6.74

15.61

Avigait

62°13′18″N–62°14′33″N,

49°53′12″W–49°47′38″W

62°14′1″N,

49°50′14″W

6.68

17.82

Aliuarssik

66°53′40″N–66°56′27″N,

33°53′15″W–33°49′11″W

66°55′14″N,

33°51′28″W

6.47

14.02

Jakobsholm

68°52′5″N–68°53′54″N,

51°17′51″W–51°13′18″W

68°53′0″N,

51°15′32″W

6.45

12.88

Umanat

65°51′3″N–65°52′37″N,

53°26′58″W–53°21′31″W

65°51′55″N,

53°24′11″W

6.06

17.46

Timilersua Island

74°0′30″N–74°1′53″N,

56°55′33″W–56°47′17″W

74°1′15″N,

56°51′0″W

5.36

11.78

Kangaarsuk Island

73°15′12″N–73°16′17″N,

56°12′9″W–56°3′31″W

73°15′44″N,

56°7′4″W

5.14

13.12

Kingittorsuaq Island

72°56′50″N–72°58′40″N,

56°15′33″W–56°10′40″W

72°57′56″N,

56°13′12″W

4.78

15.01

Umanak

64°28′40″N–64°30′24″N,

50°48′10″W–50°45′34″W

64°29′33″N,

50°46′43″W

4.64

8.74

Takissog

61°35′4″N–61°36′30″N,

42°19′9″W–42°15′11″W

61°35′48″N,

42°17′4″W

4.36

12.05

Sagdliaruseq

63°37′35″N–63°38′52″N,

40°38′34″W–40°35′27″W

63°38′16″N,

40°36′59″W

3.66

11.30

Saarlia Island

74°32′21″N–74°33′41″N,

57°21′21″W–57°16′29″W

74°32′55″N,

57°18′53″W

3.15

9.88

Valkyrierne

63°15′37″N–63°17′49″N,

41°2′59″W–41°0′48″W

63°16′46″N,

41°1′50″W

3.05

9.47

Saattorsuaq Island

73°30′7″N–73°31′21″N,

56°9′29″W–56°4′19″W

73°30′46″N,

56°6′50″W

2.89

11.29

Upernavik Island

72°46′45″N–72°48′21″N,

56°9′33″W–56°5′27″W

72°47′33″N,

56°7′33″W

2.83

11.50

Horse Head Island

73°37′20″N–73°38′16″N,

57°3′23″W–56°58′6″W

73°37′50″N,

57°0′5″W

2.49

7.73

Tugtulik

68°4′18″N–68°5′41″N,

53°43′9″W–53°40′1″W

68°5′3″N,

53°41′29″W

2.36

10.80

Tikivigpik

65°54′34″N–65°55′29″N,

36°2′51″W–36°0′2″W

65°55′1″N,

36°1′26″W

2.31

7.22

Qassimiut

60°46′21″N–60°47′16″N,

47°10′31″W–47°7′37″W

60°46′52″N,

47°8′52″W

2.04

11.92

Koklapperne

64°57′6″N–64°58′15″N,

39°50′19″W–39°47′35″W

64°57′40″N,

39°48′51″W

1.98

11.26

Ritenbenk

69°45′33″N–69°46′38″N,

51°19′32″W–51°17′17″W

69°46′9″N,

51°18′20″W

1.91

5.81

Ikermiut Island

74°19′47″N–74°20′44″N,

57°0′24″W–56°57′10″W

74°20′15″N,

56°58′45″W

1.70

6.52

Tussaaq Island

73°2′49″N–73°3′52″N,

56°11′38″W–56°9′12″W

73°3′19″N,

56°10′23″W

1.59

6.91

Grundene

66°17′33″N–66°18′31″N,

53°45′15″W–53°43′37″W

66°18′1″N,

53°44′31″W

1.55

5.45

Ungorsivik

65°55′49″N–65°56′45″N,

53°30′47″W–53°28′51″W

65°56′15″N,

53°29′51″W

1.54

7.56

Hans Island

80°49′14″N–80°49′53″N,

66°29′24″W–66°24′54″W

80°49′33″N,

66°27′12″W

1.18

3.97

Sugar Loaf Island

74°0′36″N–74°1′14″N,

56°59′41″W–56°56′38″W

74°0′54″N,

56°58′13″W

1.01

4.31

Qeqertarsuaq Island

73°51′45″N–73°52′21″N,

55°50′43″W–55°48′41″W

73°52′3″N,

55°49′43″W

0.84

3.53

Vester Ejland

68°37′3″N–68°37′38″N,

53°33′3″W–53°30′22″W

68°37′9″N,

53°31′42″W

0.82

9.89

Isortoq

65°32′13″N–65°33′0″N,

38°59′12″W–38°58′19″W

65°32′40″N,

38°58′46″W

0.51

3.67

Conical Rock

76°4′31″N–76°5′10″N,

68°42′18″W–68°38′59″W

76°4′51″N,

68°40′43″W

0.46

4.95

Napasoq

65°2′42″N–65°3′19″N,

52°23′31″W–52°22′23″W

65°2′57″N,

52°22′57″W

0.46

3.88

Dunholm

69°54′41″N–69°55′12″N,

22°39′12″W–22°38′16″W

69°54′59″N,

22°38′43″W

0.27

2.46

Ingsugtusok

66°24′29″N–66°24′47″N,

53°41′21″W–53°40′56″W

66°24′36″N,

53°41′8″W

0.10

1.54

Arfit

67°39′50″N–67°40′18″N,

53°44′48″W–53°44′25″W

67°40′5″N,

53°44′37″W

0.07

1.85

Other islands

35,504.67

38,196.75

Total

59°44¢42²N–83°39¢46²N,

73°15¢13²W–11°20¢11²W

2,162,184.19

92,990.05

Total number of islands

27,388

From June 1888 to April 1889, Dr. Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (1861.10.101930.05.13), a well-known Norwegian polar expert and geographer, successfully crossed the Greenland, and he was the first one who crossed Greenland and studied the Eskimo people in the world[4].

The dataset was developed based on the Google Earth and related maps and references. The dataset consists of 15 data files and is archived in the .kmz and .shp[5] data formats with the data size of 418 MB (Compressed to 175 MB in two files).

References

[1]       Encyclopedia Britannica [OL]. https://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/Greenland/37977.

[2]       Liu, C., Zhang, Y. H., Shen, Y., et al. Greenland [DB/OL]. Global Change Research Data Publishing & Repository, 2019. DOI: 10.3974/geodb.2019.03.03.V1.

[3]       GeoNames [OL]. http://www.geonames.org/.

[4]       Wikipedia. Greenland [OL]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenland.

Data Computing Environment

[5] ESRI. ArcGIS campus license of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

URL for Data Downloading

http://www.geodoi.ac.cn/WebEn/doi.aspx?Id=1213.

Or search through: http://www.geodoi.ac.cn.

Co-Sponsors

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Geographical Society of China

Parteners

Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) Task Group on Preservation of and Access to Scientific and Technical Data in/for/with Developing Countries (PASTD)

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Digital Linchao GeoMuseum