Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Adopted on June 1, 2014, amended on March 25, 2017

To strengthen the professional ethics of authors, peer reviewers, editors, users, and GCdataPR online manager and administrator, and thus improve the quality of the datasets in Global Change Data Repository (GCdataR) and articles in the Journal of Global Change & Discovery (GCdataD) of the Global Change Research Data Publishing & Repository (GCdataPR), the guideline for publication ethics of the GCdataPR is established, according to the Ethic Norm formulated by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), World Data System of International Science Council (WDS/ISC), and Chinese Association of Science and Technology (CAST).

1. Authors

(1) Do not submit one data product (dataset) or manuscript to two or more data publishers or journals simultaneously. Published data product (dataset) and manuscript cannot be submitted again.

(2) The submitted data product (dataset) and manuscript should be original. Academic misconducts such as plagiarism and data falsification are forbidden.

(3) The content of the data product (dataset) and manuscript should be scientific and accurate, and non-confidential; author(s) is responsible for the data product (dataset) and manuscript.

(4) All the authors should meet the qualification requirements of the GCdataR for the data product publishing and GCdataD for the article publishing, and the author contributions should be described clearly in the manuscript. The authorization and consent of all coauthors should be obtained before submission.

(5) Authors should evaluate others’ work objectively and cite them normatively as references; the data reuse shall comply with the “10% principle”.

(6) Authors should specify the foundation information in the manuscript related to the research instead of non-related foundations.

(7) All submitted data and manuscripts related to the public health in global change studies should abide by the principles laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki (Recommendations guiding physicians in biomedical research involving human subjects, which is adopted by the 18th World Medical Assembly in June 1964, as revised in 1975, 1983, and 1989, respectively). The manuscript should contain a statement that the work has been approved by the appropriate ethical committees related to the institution(s) in which it was performed and that subjects gave informed consent to the work. Patients or volunteers’ names, initials, and hospital numbers should not be used. Animal experiments require full compliance with local, national, ethical, and regulatory principles, and local licensing arrangements, and a clear statement of the care principles used should be included in the text (e.g., All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were strictly followed. All animal sample collection protocols complied with the current laws of both the authors’ country and publisher’s country - China).

2. Peer reviewers

(1) Peer reviewers should keep confidential on the data products and manuscripts, cannot circulate or discuss the reviewing data and content to others, and do not use or publish illegally the data, viewpoints, or conclusions in the manuscript.

(2) Peer reviewers should deal with the data and manuscript timely, and give specific comments on the innovation, scientificity, rationality of the research methods and design, accuracy of results and conclusions, and the confidentiality. If the review cannot be completed on time, the reviewer should inform the editorial office timely.

(3) Peer reviewers should focus on the academic nature of the manuscript instead of the author(s). The evaluation should not be affected by the race, gender, religion, belief, status, qualification, or authority of the author(s). Sufficient arguments and facts are necessary to support the review conclusion.

(4) Peer reviewers should not accept the review work when there is a conflict of interest in competition, cooperation, or other related interests with the author(s), organizations, etc.

3. Editors

(1) Editors are responsible for all editing links of the data product(s) and manuscript(s), and must follow relevant national laws and regulations and policies formulated by the editorial board of the journal.

(2) “Double-blind review system” is adopted. Editors should keep the authenticity of the review records, and take care of and keep confidential the materials on the review and modification of the manuscript.

(3) Register, submit for review, edit, and publish the manuscript timely; keep fair to each data products (datasets) and manuscript.

(4) Respect the research results of the author(s), and communicate with the author in time when there are major changes to the data products (datasets) and manuscript, and get the permission of the author(s). Keep confidential on the data product (dataset) and the manuscript and do not use illegally the research results of the author(s).

(5) Encourage academic debating, allow the author(s) to put different opinions from the reviewer(s), and have the obligation to reply the author(s) on their different opinions.

(6) Editors should ensure the fairness and rationality of the paper review. When there is competition, cooperation, or other related interest conflicts with the author, organizations, etc., editors should actively avoid handling the manuscript.


All users of the Data published in the Global Change Research Data Publishing & Repository (GCdataPR), including the metadata, datasets in Global Change Data Repository (GCdataR), and articles in the Journal of Global Change & Discovery (GCdataD), should well understand that all the data and knowledge are for good, not for evil. Users must follow the GCdataPR Data sharing policy:

(1) Data are openly available and can be free downloaded via the Internet;

(2) End users are encouraged to use Data subject to citation;

(3) Users, who are by definition also value-added service providers, are welcome to redistribute Data subject to written permission from the GCdataPR Editorial Office and the issuance of a Data redistribution license;

(4) If Data are used to compile new datasets, the ‘ten per cent principal’ should be followed such that Data records utilized should not surpass 10% of the new dataset contents, while sources should be clearly noted in suitable places in the new dataset.

5. GCdataPR Online Manager and Administrator

The most important part of the Global Change Research Data Publishing & Repository (GCdataPR) is the on-line digital data and article publishing and sharing node of the WWW. The GCdataPR Online Manager and Administrator (Online MA) must take the responsibility for the Online system operational smoothly, sustainability and security. The Online MA also provides the statistics for each and total of the published datasets and articles services, the content of the real time statistics includes: (1) number of the datasets and articles published; (2) on line data size; (3) number of authors and co-authors; (4) number of countries where the authors come from; (5) statistics of foundation items; (6) statistics of author affiliations; (7) website visitors; (8) data size downloaded; (9) data files downloaded; (10) number of citation; (11) number of value added services providers: (12) number of Data Impact Score.


Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Geographical Society of China


Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) Task Group on Preservation of and Access to Scientific and Technical Data in/for/with Developing Countries (PASTD)

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Digital Linchao GeoMuseum