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Outline of Qinghai Lake

GOU Zhaojun1LIU Fenggui1LIU Chuang2CHEN Lijun3
1 Department of Geographic Sciences,Qinghai Normal University,Xining 810008,China2 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China3 National Geomatics Center of China,Beijing 100830,China


Published:Mar. 2018

Visitors:12402       Data Files Downloaded:196      
Data Downloaded:233.61 MB      Citations:

Key Words:

Qinghai Lake,Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,saltwater lake,Bird Island,data encyclopedia


Qinghai Lake is known as "Kunuoer" and "Cuowenbu" in the Mongolian and Tibetan languages, which all mean "blue sea". Qinghai Lake is located in the northeastern of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, and is the largest inland saltwater lake on the plateau. Its geo-location is between 36°32′56″N and 37°14′5″N, 99°36′58″E and 100°45′32″E. It is high in the northeast and low in the southeast, surrounded by Datong Mountain, Riyue Mountain and the South Mountain of Qinghai. The area of Qinghai Lake is 4304.79 km² (2015) and the shoreline is 501.04 km long (2015). There are five islands in the Qinghai lake: Haixinshan, Sankuaishi, Bird island, Haixishan and Sand Island, in which the area of the biggest one is 1.17 km² (2015) and the least one is 4666 km² (2015). The Qinghai lake is in the continental climate on the plateau, with high cold and dry. The annual precipitation is about 370mm, and the annual evaporation is about 1500mm. The main rivers around the Qinghai Lake are Buha River, Wuha Alan River, Shaliu River, Haligen River, Ganzi River, Daotang River and Heima River, among which the Buha River has the largest surface runoff in the lake area. The surrounding region of Qinghai Lake is suitable for tourism. It was honored as the National 5A Level Scenic Spot in 2011, and listed as the National Geological Park in 2012.

Foundation Item:

Data Citation:

GOU Zhaojun, LIU Fenggui, LIU Chuang, CHEN Lijun. Outline of Qinghai Lake[J/DB/OL]. Digital Journal of Global Change Data Repository, 2018.

Data Product:

ID Data Name Data Size Operation
1 LakeQinghai.kmz 911.76KB
2 LakeQinghaishp.rar 1488.03KB