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Human Activity Intensity Dataset of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2000-2020)


LIU Haimeng1
1 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China

DOI:10.3974/geodb.2023.07.08.V1

Published:Jul. 2023

Visitors:2868       Data Files Downloaded:135      
Data Downloaded:2762.93 MB      Citations:

Key Words:

Tibetan Plateau,human activities,human footprint,the third pole,social and economic development

Abstract:

The ecological environment of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is highly fragile and vulnerable to the impacts of human activity. To foster sustainable development locally and globally, the creation of a high-precision dataset on human activity intensity (HAI) for the plateau is of great significance. We chose six representative indicators, including population density, GDP density, night light, grazing intensity, land use/cover, and road network, to construct the HAI dataset for the QTP from 2000 to 2020. Preprocessing involved outlier testing, projection conversion, and raster resampling, followed by normalization of all data scores to a 1-100 scale. By weighted summation of each layer, HAI dataset for the QTP (2000-2020) was obtained. The dataset includes HAI data in 2000, 2010, and 2020, as well as HAI change data during 2000-2020, with a spatial resolution of 1 km. The dataset is archived in .tif format, and consists of four data files with data size of 68.7 MB (Compressed into one file with 20.4 MB). The analysis paper based on the dataset will be published at Earth’s Future.

Foundation Item:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (42171210); Ministry of Science and Technology of P. R. China (2019QZKK1005)

Data Citation:

LIU Haimeng. Human Activity Intensity Dataset of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2000-2020)[J/DB/OL]. Digital Journal of Global Change Data Repository, 2023. https://doi.org/10.3974/geodb.2023.07.08.V1.

References:


     [1] Liu, S., Sun, Y., Li, M., et al. 1 km grid datasets of human activity intensity in agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau [DB]. 2021. DOI: 10.11922/sciencedb.00171.
     [2] Cheng, Y., Liu, H., Chen, D., et al. Human activity intensity and its spatial-temporal evolution in China’s border areas [J]. Land, 2022, 11(7): 1089.
     [3] Williams, B. A., Venter, O., Allan, J. R., et al. Change in terrestrial human footprint drives continued loss of intact ecosystems [J]. One Earth, 2020, 3(3): 371-82.
     [4] Chen, J. D., Gao, M., Cheng, S. L., et al. Global 1 km x 1 km gridded revised real gross domestic product and electricity consumption during 1992-2019 based on calibrated nighttime light data [J]. Scientific Data, 2022, 9(2): 202.
     [5] Zhang, L. X., Ren, Z. H., Chen, B., et al. A prolonged artificial nighttime-light dataset of China (1984-2020) [DB]. 2021. DOI: 10.11888/Socioeco.tpdc.271202.
     [6] Liu, B. T. Actual livestock carrying capacity estimation product in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2000-2019) [DB]. 2021. DOI: 10.11888/Ecolo.tpdc.271513.
     [7] Zhang, Y. L. Integration dataset of Tibetan Plateau boundary [DB]. 2019. DOI: 10.11888/Geogra.tpdc.270099.
     [8] Kennedy, C. M., Oakleaf, J. R., Theobald, D. M., et al. Managing the middle: A shift in conservation priorities based on the global human modification gradient [J]. Global Change Biology, 2019, 25(3): 811-826.
     [9] Bowler, D. E., Bjorkman, A. D., Dornelas, M., et al. Mapping human pressures on biodiversity across the planet uncovers anthropogenic threat complexes [J]. People and Nature, 2020, 2(2): 380-94.
     [10] Zhang, G. Q. The lakes larger than 1km2 in Tibetan Plateau (V3.0) (1970s-2021) [DB]. 2019. DOI: 10.11888/Hydro.tpdc.270303.
     

Data Product:

ID Data Name Data Size Operation
1 HAI_QTP_2000-2020.rar 20957.37KB
Co-Sponsors
Superintend