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Data Details

Dataset of Ice Core Deposition to Stratospheric Loading Conversion Factor and the Tropical Volcanic Forcing of the Past 1500 Years (3.0)

GAO Chaochao1GAO Ya1
1 College of Environmental and Resource Sciences,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310058,China


Published:Apr. 2021

Visitors:5283       Data Files Downloaded:42      
Data Downloaded:2.96 MB      Citations:

Key Words:

Volcanic forcing reconstruction,LTD conversion factors,Monte Carlo random sampling,Ice core deposition,version 3.0


This dataset is the updated version of the dataset of ice-core deposition to stratospheric loading conversion factor and the tropical volcanic forcing of the past 1500 years (2.0) ( In order to research the uncertainty of the atmospheric-loading to icecap-deposition conversion factor (LTD conversion factor), we added the distribution statistics (μ±σ) of LTD conversion factors of 1815 Tambora, 1963 Agung, and 1991 Pinatubo by using Monte Carlo random sampling of selected number of ice core records (10000 times). The authors used NH-LTDT (1.08±0.056) and SH-LTDT (1.29±0.066) of 1815 Tambora to update IVI2 (Ice-core Volcanic Index 2) tropical volcanic stratospheric aerosol loading reconstruction. The dataset is archived in one data file, and in .xlsx data format with data size of 72.1 KB.

Foundation Item:

National Natural Science Foundation of China (41875092)

Data Citation:

GAO Chaochao, GAO Ya. Dataset of Ice Core Deposition to Stratospheric Loading Conversion Factor and the Tropical Volcanic Forcing of the Past 1500 Years (3.0)[J/DB/OL]. Digital Journal of Global Change Data Repository, 2020.


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     [2] Zielinski, G. A. Stratospheric loading and optical depth estimates of explosive volcanism over the last 2100 years derived from the Greenland-Ice-Sheet-Project-2 ice core [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 1995, 100 (D10): 937-955.
     [3] Gao, C., Oman, L., Robock, A., Stenchikov, G. L. Atmospheric volcanic loading derived from bipolar ice cores accounting for the spatial distribution of volcanic deposition [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 2007, 112(D09109). DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007461.
     [4] Toohey, M., Sigl, M. Volcanic stratospheric sulfur injections and aerosol optical depth from 500 BCE to 1900 CE [J]. Earth System Science Data, 2017, 9(2): 809-831.
     [5] Marshall, L., Schmidt, A., Toohey, M., et al. Multi-model comparison of the volcanic sulfate deposition from the 1815 eruption of Mt. Tambora [J]. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2018, 18(3): 2307-2328.
     [6] Toohey, M., Kruger, K., Timmreck, C. Volcanic sulfate deposition to Greenland and Antarctica: A modeling sensitivity study [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 2013, 118(10): 4788-4800.
     [7] Mosley-Thompson, E., Mashiotta, T. A., Thompson, L. High resolution ice core records of late Holocene volcanism: Current and future contributions from the Greenland PARCA cores, Volcanism and the Earth’s Atmosphere [J]. Geophysical Monograph Series, 2003, 139: 153-164.
     [8] Sigl, M., Winstrup, M., McConnell, J. R., et al. Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years [J]. Nature, 2015, 523: 543-549.

Data Product:

ID Data Name Data Size Operation
1 LTD_TropicalVolcanicForcing_p1500_v3.0.xlsx 72.20KB